Scaphopod References

References on Scaphopods emphasizing the West Coast of North America.:

Baxter, R. 1987. Mollusks of Alaska . Shells and Sea Life Publications. Bayside, CA. 163pp.

Dinamani, P. 1964. Feeding in Dentalium conspicuum . Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London. 36: 1-5.

Emerson, W. K. 1952. Generic and subgeneric names in the molluscan class Scaphopoda. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 42: 296-303.

Emerson, W. K. 1962. A classification of the scaphopod mollusks. Journal of Paleontology. 36: 76-80.

Emerson, W. K. 1978. Two new Eastern Pacific species of Cadulus, with remarks on the classification of the scaphopod mollusks. Nautilus, 92: 117 - 123.

Gainey Jr., L. F. 1972. The use of the foot and the captacula in the feeding in Dentalium . Veliger. 15: 29-34.

Grant IV, U. S. and H. R. Gale. 1931. Catalogue of the Marine Pliocene and Pleistocene Mollusca of California and adjacent regions. Memoirs of the San Diego Society of Natural History. 1: 1-1034.

Keen, A. M. 1971. Sea shells of tropical West America . Stanford University Press. Stanford, California. pp. 883-891.

Langer, M. R., J. H. Lipps and G. Moreno. 1995. Predation on foraminifera by the dentaliid deep-sea scaphopod Fissidentalium megathyris. Deep-Sea Research. 42:849-857.

Morton, J. E. 1959. The habits and feeding organs of Dentalium entalis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 38: 225-238.

Palmer, C. P. 1974. A supraspecific classification of the Scaphopod Mollusca. Veliger. 17: 115-123.

Pilsbry, H. A. and B. Sharp. 1897-1898. Class Scaphopoda. In: G. W. Tyron, Jr. & H. A. Pilsbry, Manual of conchology : Ser. 1, Vol. 17: pp. xxxii+144 [1897]; pp. 145-280 [1898], pls. 1-39.

Poon, Perry A. 1987. The diet and feeding behavior of Cadulus tolmiei Dall, 1897 (Scaphopoda: Siphonodentalioida). The Nautilus: 101: 88-92.

Raymond, W. J. 1904. A new Dentalium from California. The Nautilus. 17:123-124.

Shimek, R. L. 1988. The functional morphology of scaphopod captacula. The Veliger. 30: 213-221.

Shimek, R. L. 1989. Shell morphometrics and systematics: A revision of the slender, shallow-water Cadulus of the Northeastern Pacific (Scaphopoda: Gadilida). Veliger 32: 233-246.

Shimek, R. L. 1990. Diet and habitat utilization in a Northeastern Pacific Ocean scaphopod assemblage. American Malacological Bulletin 7: 147-169.

Shimek, R. L. 1997. A new species of Eastern Pacific Fissidentalium (Mollusca: Scaphopoda) with a symbiotic sea anemone. The Veliger. 40:178-191.

Shimek, R. L. 1998. Scaphopoda. In: Blake, J. A., A. L. Lissner, and P. H. Scott. Taxonomic atlas of the benthic fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel . Volume 9. Mollusca. Santa Barbara Natural History Museum, Santa Barbara, California.

Shimek, R. L. & G. Moreno. 1996. A new species of Eastern Pacific Fissidentalium (Mollusca: Scaphopoda). The Veliger. 39: 71 - 82.

Shimek, R. L. and G. Steiner. 1997. Scaphopoda. In: Harrison F., and A. J. Kohn, Eds. Mollusca II . Microscopic Anatomy of the Invertebrates . Volume 6B: 719-781. Wiley-Liss Inc. New York, NY. ISBN 0-471-15441-5.

Starobogatov, Ya. I. 1974. Ksenokowhii i ikh znachenive dlya filogenii i sistemy nekotorykh klass mollyuskov . Paleont. Zhur. 1974 (1): 3 - 18. (Trans. in: Paleont. Jour. 1 - 13).

Steiner, G. 1992a. Phylogeny and classification of Scaphopoda. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 58:385-400.

Steiner, G. 1992b. The organisation of the pedal musculature and its connection to the dorsoventral musculature in Scaphopoda. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 58:181-197.

White, T. R., A. K. Wakefield Pagels and D. G. Fautin. 1999. Abyssal sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actinaria) of the northeast Pacific symbiotic with molluscs: Anthosactis nomados , a new species, and Monactis vestita (Gravier, 1918). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 112:637-651

Ron Shimek